Category Archives: Anthropology

Download E-books Greek Laughter: A Study of Cultural Psychology from Homer to Early Christianity PDF

By Stephen Halliwell

The 1st ebook to supply an built-in analyzing of old Greek attitudes to laughter. Taking fabric from a number of genres and contexts, the booklet analyses either the speculation and the perform of laughter as a revealing expression of Greek values and mentalities. Greek society constructed specified associations for the party of laughter as a capability that may bridge the space among people and gods; however it additionally feared laughter for its strength to reveal members and teams to disgrace or even violence. stuck among principles of enjoyment and ache, friendship and enmity, laughter turned a topic of recurrent curiosity in a number of contexts. applying a cosmopolitan version of cultural background, Stephen Halliwell strains gildings of the subject matter in a sequence of significant texts: ranging a ways past smooth money owed of 'humour', he indicates how perceptions of laughter helped to form Greek conceptions of the physique, the brain and the which means of existence.

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Download E-books The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology (Routledge Handbooks in Linguistics) PDF

The Routledge guide of Linguistic Anthropology is a huge survey of linguistic anthropology, that includes contributions from popular students within the field. Each bankruptcy offers a short ancient precis of analysis within the box and discusses subject matters and problems with present challenge to humans doing examine in linguistic anthropology. The guide is equipped into 4 components – Language and Cultural Productions; Language Ideologies and Practices of studying; Language and the conversation of Identities; and Language and Local/Global strength – and covers present subject matters of curiosity on the intersection of the fields, while additionally contextualizing them inside of discussions of fieldwork perform. that includes 30 contributions from major students within the box, The Routledge instruction manual of Linguistic Anthropology is a vital assessment for college kids and researchers attracted to knowing center innovations and key concerns in linguistic anthropology.

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Download E-books Mahlzeit: Auf 80 Tellern um die Welt PDF

By Peter Menzel, Faith D'Aluisio

Retail-like quality

A attractive photographic assortment that includes pix of eighty humans from 30 international locations and the nutrition they consume in a single day.

In this interesting research of individuals and their diets, eighty profiles are geared up via the complete variety of energy all people places away in an afternoon. that includes a jap sumo wrestler, a Massai herdswoman, world-renowned Spanish chef Ferran Adria, an American aggressive eater, and extra, those compulsively readable own tales additionally contain demographic details, together with age, task point, peak, and weight. Essays from Harvard primatologist Richard Wrangham, journalist Michael Pollan, and others talk about the consequences of our glossy diets for our overall healthiness and for the planet. This compelling combination of images and investigative reportage expands our figuring out of the advanced relationships between contributors, tradition, and nutrients.

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Download E-books An Unnatural History of Emerging Infections PDF

By Ron Barrett

This e-book lines the social and environmental determinants of human infectious illnesses from the Neolithic to the current day. regardless of contemporary excessive profile discoveries of recent pathogens, the main determinants of those rising infections are historic and ordinary. those comprise altering modes of subsistence, transferring populations, environmental disruptions, and social inequalities. the new labeling of the time period "re-emerging infections" displays a re-emergence, no longer lots of the illnesses themselves, yet quite a re-emerging knowledge in prosperous societies of long-standing difficulties that have been formerly ignored.

An Unnatural historical past of rising Infections illustrates those ordinary difficulties and determinants via an exam of 3 significant epidemiological transitions. the 1st Transition happened with the rural Revolution starting 10,000 years in the past, bringing an increase in acute infections because the major reason behind human mortality. the second one Transition first all started with the commercial Revolution; it observed a decline in infectious illness mortality and a rise in power illnesses between wealthier international locations, yet much less so in poorer societies. those culminated in modern day "worst of either worlds syndrome" during which globalization has mixed with the demanding situations of the 1st and moment Transitions to supply a 3rd Transition, characterised by way of a confluence of acute and protracted illness styles inside of a unmarried international affliction ecology.

This available textual content is acceptable for complicated undergraduate and graduate point scholars and researchers within the fields of epidemiology, affliction ecology, anthropology, healthiness sciences, and the heritage of drugs. it's going to even be of relevance and use to undergraduate scholars attracted to the historical past and social dynamics of infectious diseases.

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Download E-books How Forests Think: Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human PDF

By Eduardo Kohn

Can forests imagine? Do canines dream? during this dazzling ebook, Eduardo Kohn demanding situations the very foundations of anthropology, calling into query our critical assumptions approximately what it skill to be human—and therefore unique from all different lifestyles types. according to 4 years of fieldwork one of the Runa of Ecuador’s top Amazon, Eduardo Kohn attracts on his wealthy ethnography to discover how Amazonians have interaction with the numerous creatures that inhabit one of many world’s most complicated ecosystems. even if we realize it, our anthropological instruments hinge on these capacities that make us especially human. besides the fact that, after we flip our ethnographic cognizance to how we relate to other forms of beings, those instruments (which have the impression of divorcing us from the remainder of the realm) holiday down. How Forests Think seizes in this breakdown as a chance. averting reductionistic suggestions, and with no wasting sight of ways our lives and people of others are stuck up within the ethical webs we people spin, this e-book skillfully models new types of conceptual instruments from the unusual and unforeseen houses of the dwelling global itself. during this groundbreaking paintings, Kohn takes anthropology in a brand new and intriguing direction–one that gives a extra capacious option to take into consideration the realm we percentage with other forms of beings.

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Download E-books Local Knowledge: Further Essays In Interpretive Anthropology (Basic Books Classics) PDF

By Clifford Geertz

In essays masking every little thing from artwork and customary experience to air of secrecy and buildings of the self, the eminent cultural anthropologist and writer of The Interpretation of Cultures deepens our knowing of human societies during the intimacies of "local knowledge." A spouse quantity to The Interpretation of Cultures, this booklet maintains Geertz’s exploration of the that means of tradition and the significance of shared cultural symbolism. With a brand new advent through the author.

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Download E-books Enacting the Corporation: An American Mining Firm in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia PDF

By Marina Welker

What are firms, and to whom are they dependable? Anthropologist Marina Welker attracts on years of analysis at Newmont Mining Corporation’s Denver headquarters and its Batu Hijau copper and gold mine in Sumbawa, Indonesia, to deal with those questions. opposed to the backdrop of an rising company Social accountability move and altering kingdom dynamics in Indonesia, she exhibits how humans enact the mining company in a number of methods: as an ore manufacturer, enterprise, consumer, promoter of sustainable improvement, non secular sponsor, auditable association, international imperialist, and environmental possibility. instead of assuming that enterprises are monolithic, profit-maximizing topics, Welker turns to anthropological theories of personhood to enhance an analytic version of the company as an volatile collective topic with a number of authors, obstacles, and pursuits. Enacting the Corporation demonstrates that firms are constituted via non-stop struggles over kinfolk with—and obligations to—local groups, staff, activists, governments, contractors, and shareholders.

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Download E-books Field Notes on Science & Nature PDF

By Bernd Heinrich, Edward O. Wilson, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Michael R. Canfield, George B. Schaller, Kenn Kaufman, Karen L. Kramer,

Once in an excellent whereas, because the New York Times famous lately, a naturalist writes a publication that adjustments the best way humans examine the residing global. John James Audubon’s Birds of America, released in 1838, used to be one. Roger Tory Peterson’s 1934 Field consultant to the Birds used to be one other. How does such perception into nature develop?

Pioneering a brand new area of interest within the examine of vegetation and animals of their local habitat, box Notes on technological know-how and Nature permits readers to see over the shoulders and into the notebooks of a dozen eminent box employees, to check firsthand their observational equipment, fabrics, and fleeting impressions.

What did George Schaller be aware while learning the lions of the Serengeti? What lists did Kenn Kaufman hold in the course of his 1973 “big year”? How does Piotr Naskrecki use relational databases and digital box notes? In what means is Bernd Heinrich’s method “truly Thoreauvian,” in E. O. Wilson’s view? Recording observations within the box is an necessary clinical ability, yet researchers will not be more often than not prepared to percentage their own files with others. the following, for the 1st time, are reproductions of tangible pages from notebooks. And in essays abounding with interesting anecdotes, the authors contemplate the contexts within which the notes have been taken.

Covering disciplines as various as ornithology, entomology, ecology, paleontology, anthropology, botany, and animal habit, Field Notes offers particular examples that pro naturalists can emulate to fine-tune their very own box equipment, in addition to useful suggestion that beginner naturalists and scholars can use to record their adventures.

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Download E-books The Work of the Dead: A Cultural History of Mortal Remains PDF

The Greek thinker Diogenes stated that after he died his physique can be tossed over the town partitions for beasts to scavenge. Why may still he or somebody else care what grew to become of his corpse? In The paintings of the Dead, acclaimed cultural historian Thomas Laqueur examines why humanity has universally rejected Diogenes's argument. No tradition has been detached to mortal continues to be. Even in our supposedly upset clinical age, the useless physique nonetheless matters--for contributors, groups, and international locations. A remarkably bold historical past, The paintings of the lifeless offers a compelling and richly distinctive account of ways and why the residing have cared for the lifeless, from antiquity to the 20th century.

The publication attracts on an enormous variety of sources--from mortuary archaeology, scientific tracts, letters, songs, poems, and novels to portray and landscapes as a way to recuperate the paintings that the lifeless do for the residing: making human groups that attach the earlier and the long run. Laqueur indicates how the churchyard turned the dominant resting position of the lifeless in the course of the center a long time and why the cemetery mostly supplanted it in the course of the smooth interval. He strains how and why because the 19th century we've come to assemble the names of the useless on nice lists and memorials and why being buried with no identify has turn into so stressful. and eventually, he tells how smooth cremation, all started as a myth of stripping loss of life of its heritage, eventually failed--and how even the ashes of the sufferers of the Holocaust were preserved in culture.

A attention-grabbing chronicle of ways we form the lifeless and are in flip formed via them, this can be a landmark paintings of cultural history.

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Download E-books Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts PDF

By James C. Scott

Confrontations among the powerless and the strong are weighted down with deception - the powerless feign deference and the robust subtly assert their mastery. Peasants, serfs, untouchables, slaves, labourers, and prisoners aren't loose to talk their minds within the presence of strength. those subordinate teams as a substitute create a mystery discourse that represents a critique of strength spoken in the back of the backs of the dominant. while, the strong additionally improve a personal discussion approximately practices and targets in their rule that can not be overtly avowed. during this publication, the writer, a social scientist, deals a dialogue either one of the general public roles performed via the robust and powerless and the mocking, vengeful tone they reveal off degree - what he phrases their public and hidden transcripts. utilizing examples from the literature, historical past, and politics of cultures around the globe, the writer examines the various guises this interplay has taken all through heritage and the tensions and contradictions it displays.

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