Category Archives: Anthropology

Download E-books Why Humans Cooperate: A Cultural and Evolutionary Explanation (Evolution and Cognition) PDF

By Joseph Henrich, Natalie Henrich

Cooperation between people is among the keys to our nice evolutionary luck. Natalie and Joseph Henrich learn this phenomena with a special fusion of theoretical paintings at the evolution of cooperation, ethnographic descriptions of social habit, and various different experimental effects. Their experimental and ethnographic facts come from a small, insular staff of middle-class Iraqi Christians known as Chaldeans, residing in metro Detroit, whom the Henrichs use for instance to teach how kinship kinfolk, ethnicity, and culturally transmitted traditions give you the key to explaining the evolution of cooperation over a number of generations.

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Download E-books The Elementary Forms of Religious Life PDF

"Karen Fields has given us a most excellent new translation of the best paintings of sociology ever written, one we won't be embarrassed to assign to our scholars. moreover she has written an excellent and profound creation. The booklet of this translation is an get together for common get together, for a veritable 'collective effervescence.'
-- Robert N. Bellah Co-author of Habits of the Heart, and editor of Emile Durkheim on Morality and Society
"This very good new translation eventually permits non-French talking American readers totally to understand Durkheim's genius. it's a exertions of affection for which all students needs to be grateful."
--Lewis A. Coser

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Download E-books Myth and Meaning: Cracking the Code of Culture PDF

By Claude Levi-Strauss

Ever because the upward thrust of technology and the clinical technique within the 17th century, we have now rejected mythology because the made from superstitious and primitive minds. purely now are we coming to a fuller appreciation of the character and position of delusion in human heritage. In those 5 lectures initially ready for Canadian radio, Claude Lévi-Strauss bargains, in short summations, the insights of a life-time spent analyzing myths and attempting to become aware of their value for human understanding.
 
The lectures commence with a dialogue of the old cut up among mythology and technological know-how and the proof that mythic degrees of knowing are being reintegrated in our method of wisdom. In an extension of this topic, Professor Lévi-Strauss analyzes what we have now known as “primitive considering” and discusses a few common positive factors of human mythology. the ultimate lectures define the sensible dating among mythology and historical past and the structural dating among mythology and tune.

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Download E-books The Open: Man and Animal PDF

By Giorgio Agamben

The finish of human background is an occasion that has been foreseen or introduced through either messianics and dialecticians. yet who's the protagonist of that historical past that's coming—or has come—to an in depth? what's guy? How did he come at the scene? and the way has he maintained his privileged position because the grasp of, or first between, the animals?

In The Open, modern Italian thinker Giorgio Agamben considers the ways that the "human" has been considered both a different and more advantageous form of animal, or a type of being that's primarily various from animal altogether. In an issue that levels from historic Greek, Christian, and Jewish texts to twentieth-century thinkers resembling Heidegger, Benjamin, and Kojève, Agamben examines the ways that the excellence among guy and animal has been synthetic by means of the logical presuppositions of Western inspiration, and he investigates the profound implications that the man/animal contrast has had for disciplines as probably disparate as philosophy, legislation, anthropology, drugs, and politics.

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Download E-books The Concept of Structuralism: A Critical Analysis PDF

By Philip Pettit

The time period 'structuralism' has turn out to be quite often used to explain the paintings of Levi-Strauss in anthropology (particularly in delusion analysis), the paintings of Barthes in literary thought (particularly within the research of narrative) and the paintings of different modern french thinkers. What they've got in universal is they search to increase the techniques of and strategies of linguistics - 'the linguistic model' - to their very own parts of curiosity. This e-book bargains a philosophical research of the feasibility in their enterprise.

In the 1st a part of the publication the writer describes the version to be derived from linguistics because it has constructed because Saussure. within the moment half he surveys the parts to which it would be prolonged. The 3rd half is the severe dialogue of the main formidable use up to now of the linguistic version - that of Levi-Strauss in his research of myths. The fourth half is an review of the structuralist company as a complete.

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Download E-books Sons of the Shaking Earth PDF

By Eric R. Wolf

"Wolf drew on anthropology, archaeology, heritage, and geography to mould an impressive, sweeping, and fantastically written synthesis. With sort and deep own engagement he unraveled the complexity of Mexico and Guatemala's earlier with its a number of ethnicities, many languages, and environmental range. . . . Armies of graduate scholars have challenged a number of the information, however the ebook stands as a monument to a time while social scientists have been capable of imagine huge ideas and write stylish English"—Foreign Affairs, major Books of the final seventy five Years.

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Download E-books Cultural Encyclopedia of the Penis PDF

Peter. Pecker. Wiener. Dick. Schlong. Penis. no matter what we elect to name it, the penis is greater than only a physique half. This A-to-Z encyclopedia explores the cultural meanings, interpretations, and actions linked to the penis over the centuries and throughout cultures.

Scholars, activists, researchers and clinicians delve into the penis in antiquity, in artwork, in faith, in politics, in media, in song, and within the cultural mind's eye. They study the penis as an issue, a fetishized commodity, a weapon, an item of play. Penile décor and fashions—from piercings to koteka—are handled with equivalent dignity. rationalization of universal clinical phrases and not-so-common subcultural practices upload to the extensive scope of the publication. Taken jointly, the Cultural Encyclopedia of the Penis offers clean, considerate, and wide-ranging perception into this malleable, significant physique part.

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Download E-books Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America (California Series in Public Anthropology) PDF

By Aihwa Ong

Fleeing the murderous Pol Pot regime, Cambodian refugees arrive in the US as instantaneously the sufferers and the heroes of America's misadventures in Southeast Asia; and their encounters with American citizenship are contradictory besides. carrier companies, bureaucrats, and employers exhort them to be self-reliant, individualistic, and loose, at the same time the method and the tradition constrain them inside of phrases of ethnicity, race, and sophistication. Buddha Is Hiding tells the tale of Cambodian americans experiencing American citizenship from the bottom-up. in response to vast fieldwork in Oakland and San Francisco, the research places a human face on how American institutions—of healthiness, welfare, legislation, police, church, and industry—affect minority electorate as they negotiate American tradition and re-interpret the yank dream.

In her previous ebook, Flexible Citizenship, anthropologist Aihwa Ong wrote of elite Asians shuttling around the Pacific. This parallel examine tells the very diversified tale of "the different Asians" whose direction takes them from refugee camps to California's inner-city and high-tech enclaves. In Buddha Is Hiding we see those refugees changing into new citizen-subjects via a twin technique of being-made and self-making, balancing spiritual salvation and entrepreneurial values as they suffer and undermine, soak up and deflect conflicting classes approximately welfare, paintings, drugs, gender, parenting, and mass tradition. attempting to carry directly to the values of kinfolk and residential tradition, Cambodian americans still usually consider that "Buddha is hiding." Tracing the entangled paths of negative and wealthy Asians within the American kingdom, Ong increases new questions on the shape and that means of citizenship in an period of globalization.

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Download E-books Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflict in the Post-Communist World PDF

Ethnic and nationwide conflicts were an unforeseen and significant resource of difficulties in lots of elements of the area in recent years. Nowhere extra so than within the previously communist nations. This publication presents a readable creation to, and short analytical insurance of, all of the ethnic disputes of the Nineteen Nineties. complete justice is completed either to complicated present-day events and the deeper roots of ethnic clash. this is often by way of a overview and evaluate of the most to be had factors. The e-book is needed interpreting for somebody who desires to comprehend why the autumn of communism didn't introduce an period of goodwill among the international locations.

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